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30 May 2013 @ 08:33 am
Escaping Stockholm: Part 3  

Introducing the third and final part of author Judith Tarr’s inspired rant on the changes in the publishing industry, and the expectations we writers have come to live with and accept.

Escape from Stockholm: An Epic Publishing Saga
Find Judith Tarr on LiveJournal | on Twitter | & at Book View Cafe

Part One | Part Two

This is no longer the only game in town.

Oh, she’s acknowledging it when she says she can’t deal with it, but she’s not thinking about what it really means. Or how she can make it work for her. She’s living in Stockholm, where Daddy Agent and King Publisher have her convinced she’s this helpless, delicate little creative type who can’t possibly take her career into her own hands and succeed.

We had that in 1983, too. Bad agents, bad deals, publishers’ decisions that killed books and careers. The difference then was that authors couldn’t go much of anywhere else if they wanted to get those books to stores and reviewers and readers.

Now they can.

“But the work! The skills! The crowds!”

True. It’s work and it needs skills. And there’s an awful lot of what used to be the slushpile clogging the system, only now it’s the Kindle free-and-cheap collection.

But you aren’t a newcomer. You have a backlist. A readership. A platform as they say in the PR business. If you can use it to get higher advances, good. You should. We used to push, back in 1983 and 1993. Pushing doesn’t seem to happen as much or as strongly now. The options have shrunk. Terms have become worse and worse, along with the dwindling advances. The walls have closed in. There’s just not the same amount of negotiating room as there used to be. Authors to have to take it or leave it, more and more.

Or do they?

The tipping point is here. The point at which you realize you can make more money self-publishing or crowdfunding than you can get as an advance from a publisher.

So the question is, What can a publisher do for you that you can’t do for yourself?

Pay you an advance on your book’s projected earnings. Edit, package, and distribute your book. Get you into review markets. Get you the numbers, as a matter of course, that smaller presses or individuals can’t get. A major publisher can do all that.

Or can it? And if it can, what terms will it set on those services? How much advance? What percentage of royalties? Paid how often and after how long? Will the book be edited with care and professional skill? Will the packaging be superior to what you can do yourself with a stock-image account and a cover designer? And even distribution—can or will the publisher get the book out in sufficient numbers and in enough markets to make it worth their while to publish your next book?

I can’t answer those questions for you. If the answers are that a publisher’s efforts can exceed whatever you can do on your own, then the answer is, “Yes, I need a publisher.”

But will you in a year or two or three, when at the speed of geological time, your book sees print? Will you gamble that the pace of change will slow or shift, and tie up your book for years, with low royalty percentages and, increasingly these days, awful option and reversion clauses, because, right now, you can’t see any other viable option?

You are most likely going to have to do your own promo no matter what. You may, as I see with increasing frequency, be encouraged to pay an editor to help you polish your ms. before you submit. You’ll still get a cover done in-house—I haven’t heard that that’s changed (yet)—and your publisher can afford to print and warehouse large numbers of copies, but how long will that last? It’s going to start making more sense to print copies on demand, with bookstore shelf space shrinking by the day. And now that space is going to have to compete with self-published works, because this has happened: http://kriswrites.com/2013/05/15/the-business-rusch-shifting-sands/

Go read it. It’s long and the beginning rambles and there are ramifications the author isn’t seeing, but what it means for you is that, suddenly, that big barrier to getting your book into stores? It’s gone. Oh, there’s still the bottleneck issue and the problem of getting stores to notice you and stock your book, but is that really any different from the situation you’re in now?

The sands, as the article says, are shifting. They always have been, but it’s getting faster. So fast that advice we gave or took six months ago is already outdated, and last year’s Must Do is this year’s Oh God Don’t.

Maybe you’re secure in the arms of your agent and your publisher. Your sales are golden, your editor loves your proposals, you’re hitting lists and winning awards. That’s wonderful. But even Stephenie Meyer says, “I’m only as good as my next book.” If that next book slips, or the sands shift again—what happens then?

In 1983, the answer was usually, “You drop from sight, never to be heard from again.”

But this is 2013. You have power I never dreamed of when I sat wide-eyed at First Agent’s feet, out by the mighty Delaware. You are not locked into a single way of doing things, or a single course for your career.

You have choices. Real ones, above and beyond, “Give in, give up, or say goodbye to your career.”

You do not have to take crap advances if your sales, on your royalty statements, say you can make more within a couple of periods, say 18 months from publication. And especially if you have demonstrated, through crowdfunding or through self-publishing backlist, that you can earn as much or more in less time. That’s the time to ask, “Is it worth it for me to write six million words this year for a fraction of a cent per word, when I can write a mere million and get paid more per word, and get paid several years sooner? And then do it all over next year and get paid again?”

You do not have to keep writing what your agent or editor says you have to write, unless you really are happy to write it. If you have something different or off your beaten track that’s begging to be written, you can self-publish it. Crowdfund it to get the packaging and editing you need. Or get together with like-minded authors—share skills and edits and production processes. You don’t have to spend five years building the group into a full-on Incorporated a la Book View Café, but you can find ways to get the collective works out and promoted if you really have to.

You have power.

You are not helpless. You are not captive. You can choose the publisher route if it works for you, and if the pros outweigh the cons. What you do not have to do is take lousy terms and lousier treatment because there is no other way to get your books into your readers’ hands.

And for the love of the Muse, think about the workload those publishers are dumping on you—or that you’re dumping on yourself because you can’t keep the roof over your head otherwise. It’s tough enough to get that many words out now. What about next year? Two years? Five? What happens if you start to burn out and the advances keep dropping and the bills keep coming and you still can’t see any other way but the sweatshop way?

It’s not just Omelas that people walk away from. Stockholm has a gate in the wall, too, and a road that’s much wider and leads to many more places than you might think, while you’re living inside and listening to Daddy and Mommy and the King.

(x-posted from The Essential Kit)

Kate Kirbykirbyk on May 30th, 2013 12:13 pm (UTC)
Someone's going to crack this nut.
It's work, and it needs skills.

What I read instantly into this is that we've just created a new industry job that nobody's filling yet. Somewhere between agent, publicist, and some entirely new things. It's not me - I both have a career already and am not the social barracuda one needs to be to figure out how to master this - but someone who is tenacious and clever and really believes in making midlist writers lives better could carve out a very rewarding career out of this, right now.

I mean, existing agents and publicists should be doing this already, but they aren't, and they don't seem to all understand it.

Best of luck to anyone trying to tackle this problem head-on!
dancinghorsedancinghorse on May 30th, 2013 02:39 pm (UTC)
Re: Someone's going to crack this nut.

This is exactly what I've been seeing, but I'd already written 4000 words and, well, that's a whole new article. Manifesto. Call to arms. Something.

BVC does quite a bit of that as a group, but we're still figuring out the marketing end. We've had great results with distribution outlets like Overdrive. What's needed is, as you say, a whole category of person, repping authors for commission a la agents, but doing a slew of other things besides what agents currently do.
Alix (Tersa): Writing (tersa)tersa on May 30th, 2013 03:52 pm (UTC)
Re: Someone's going to crack this nut.
This essay has been an interesting read, and although I know you were directing it at Kit, I appreciate that you allowed her to share it because it's been very informative. :)

(And I caught on to the title almost immediately, and enjoyed the anticipation of the payoff. It was like a mini-story in and of itself!)
Geek of Weird Shit: weldinggows on May 30th, 2013 12:30 pm (UTC)
Very inspirational at the end, here. But I feel there's a lot of information missing - mainly, the risk factor and the sheer amount of work marketing oneself can be.

I also have serious doubts as to the long-term viability of the crowdfunded model. It reminds me, to a degree, of the heady mid-90s Silicon Valley venture capital days, where you could get funding for damn near anything if you were bold enough, brave enough, and persuasive enough . . . only for that bubble to burst in life-shattering ways.

My guess is that when it all shakes out, things will land somewhere in between. As kirby pointed out, this is an excellent job niche--but also one that agents, et al, should already be doing. I expect that the next few years will be a mad scramble, but that some of the younger, hungrier, and more tech-savvy agents will Figure This Out and be instrumental in leading the industry to becoming a leaner racedog than the bloated, stagnant mess it seems to have become.
kitmizkit on May 30th, 2013 02:17 pm (UTC)
I actually suspect crowdfunding is around for the long run myself, but there's no question that marketing oneself is a huge amount of work. I think that's part of why Judy's talking specifically to and about midlist authors here: people who have a name they can build on and entice with, whose books will be picked up by regular readers regardless of how they end up on the shelves.

But yeah, there's a growing need here and somebody's gotta learn to fill it. I just don't know who or what yet. :)
dancinghorsedancinghorse on May 30th, 2013 02:42 pm (UTC)
I would have said crowdfunding was a flash in the pan myself, last year. Now? I think it's part of the new model, and it's going to stay.

And yes, I am talking to midlist authors about what they can do now, and what they might do as things continue to evolve. Starting with getting out of the trap of learned helplessness and learning to be more proactive. And more aware of how much power they have. It's so much more than I had when I was ten years in.
Alix (Tersa): Writing (tersa)tersa on May 30th, 2013 03:55 pm (UTC)
So, Kit--what new thoughts do /you/ have, after reading the essay? :)
kitmizkit on May 30th, 2013 05:36 pm (UTC)
In brief, that I feel much more confident--and this is also partly due to the CreateSpace books in bookstores thing, mind you--in the idea of walking away from a publisher if I don't an advance of the amount I think I'm worth.

NO DOMINION, as a self-publishing venture, has made me somewhere north of $30K at this point, and that's without getting into bookstores. Some of that, of course, went back into the book/Kickstarter/etc, but it's still more flat-out profit than I get from a traditional publisher in the course of 18 months.

ND was, of course, a tie-in about a beloved character. Probably pitching something all new to the reader base I can access wouldn't be as outrageously successful off the bat. OTOH, I haven't posted *any* story fragment that at least a few people haven't said "More please!" about, so I think I could probably run a successful Kickstarter--creating an "advance" of sorts--for most projects, and then release it into the wild after an appropriate period of time for 'royalties'.

This is enormously freeing, but in a way, that feeds right into my OMG SO MANY COOL PROJECTS HOW DO I CHOOSE JUST ONE OR EVEN THREE BECAUSE SIX IS TOO MANY STOP STOP STOP THAT STUPID BRAIN AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAH, so it's not a solve-all solution for me... :)

Edited at 2013-05-30 05:36 pm (UTC)